It happened today – this day in history
1272: Edward I is proclaimed King of England on the death of his father Henry III. It took him two years to return to England after the Ninth Crusade.
1755: William Pitt the Elder resigns.
1805: Ludwig van Beethoven’s only opera, “Fidelio”, premieres in Vienna.
1815: In the Second Treaty of Paris, it is agreed that France will pay compensation after the Battle of Waterloo, ending the Napoleonic Wars. The same day, Russia, Prussia, Austria and England sign an alliance “for the maintenance of peace in Europe”.
1817: Beginning of the First Seminole War in Florida.
1866: French inventor Pierre Lallement patents the rotating crank bicycle.
1886: Arthur Conan Doyle’s first Sherlock Holmes story, “A Study in Scarlet”, is accepted by publisher Ward and Lock with payment of £ 25.
1889: Gustav Mahler’s 1st Symphony is premiered in Budapest and is not well received.
1903: Shooter Tom Horn is hanged at the age of 42.
1906: premiere of the play “Doctor’s Dilemma” by George Bernard Shaw in London.
1910: The revolution breaks out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero. On the same day, Russian writer Leo Tolstoy died at the age of 82.
1911: creation of “Das Lied von der Erde” by Gustav Mahler in Munich.
1914: The US State Department begins to require photographs for passports.
1917: First successful use of tanks in combat as Britain uses new technology to break through German lines at the Battle of Cambrai. On the same day, Ukraine is declared a republic.
1923: Garrett Morgan patents his traffic light design.
1936: José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Phalange in Spain is killed by a Republican firing squad.
1940: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis powers.
1942: The British 8th Army retakes Benghazi, Libya.
1947: Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey.
1951: More than 1,000 British military families begin to leave the town of Ismailia, located in the Suez Canal zone, in Egypt. On the same day, Snowdonia becomes a British national park.
1960: Jack Brabham finishes fourth in the United States Grand Prix which ends the season to retain his Formula 1 drivers’ world championship.
1961: Bob Dylan began recording his first album for two days at Columbia Recording Studios in New York.
1962: The USSR agrees to withdraw the bombers from Cuba and the United States lifts its blockade.
1965: The UN Security Council calls for a boycott of Rhodesia.
1972: Two British soldiers are killed by a bomb bombardment in Cullyhanna, County Armagh.
1974: The Who’s Keith Moon collapses at a concert at Cow Palace in San Francisco after his drink was fortified with horse tranquilizer. After the call from Pete Townshend: “Can someone play the drums?” Scott Halpin, 19, volunteered to replace him on drums for three numbers before the gig was dropped.
On TV tonight (Wednesday)
1975: Prince Juan Carlos prepares to take the reins of power in Spain following the death of General Franco. On the same day, Bay City Rollers singer Les McKeown was found not guilty of causing the death of a 76-year-old woman he had run over with her car last May in Edinburgh. Witnesses said Euphemia Clunie crossed the road and changed direction four times. McKeown is convicted of reckless driving, fined £ 150 and banned from driving for a year.
1978: Former Liberal Party Leader Jeremy Thorpe is charged in court with conspiring to kill his former lover Norman Scott.
1980: United Nations mediator Olof Palme makes his first unsuccessful peace shuttle between Tehran and Baghdad.
1981: Anatoly Karpov retains the World Chess Championship.
1983: Singles table:
- Uptown Girl – Billy Joel
- Say, say, say – Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson
- Just cry a little – Shakin Stevens
- Never Never – The Assembly
- Love of Ordinary People – Paul Young
- All Night (All Night) – Lionel Richie
- The Sun And The Rain – Madness
- Love cats – the cure
- Calling Your Name – Marilyn
- Thriller – Michael Jackson
- Color by numbers – Culture Club
- I can’t slow down – Lionel Richie
- Thriller – Michael Jackson
- Internships – Elaine Page
- Undercover – The Rolling Stones
- Chart Hits ’83 Volumes 1 and 2 – Various artists
- No Speak – Paul Young
- Touch – Eurythmy
- An Innocent Man – Billy Joel
- Fantastic – Wham!
1986: Afghan President Babrak Karmal flees.
1990: Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher does not win absolute victory in his battle for the leadership of the Conservative Party, finishing with four votes of the 56 required after the abstention of 16 deputies.
1992: Fire rages in Windsor Castle.
1993: Winnie Mandela’s bodyguard and driver are murdered in South Africa.
1994: The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war.
1995: Diana Princess of Wales speaks openly for the first time about her separation from the Prince of Wales in a controversial interview with Martin Bashir for the BBC Panorama.
1997: The Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council formally approves an agreement, arranged by Russia, which allows UN arms inspection teams to resume operations in Iraq.
2004: Sócrates, the 50-year-old Brazilian World Cup captain, appears as a substitute for non-league Garforth Town with 12 minutes remaining in the 2-2 draw with Tadcaster Albion. This is his only appearance in an English club.
2006: Director / screenwriter Robert Altman dies at the age of 81.
2019: Prince Andrew announces he is stepping down from public office after outcry over the disastrous BBC interview over his friendship with Jeffrey Epstein.
BIRTHDAYS: Joe Biden, US President 79; Norman Greenbaum, singer-songwriter, 79; Véronique Hamel, actress, 78 years old; Ray Stiles, bassist (Mud) 75; Joe Walsh, guitarist / singer-songwriter (The Eagles), 74; Gary Green, guitarist (Gentle Giant) 71; Bo Derek (Mary Collins), actress, 65; Jim Brown, drummer (UB40) 64; Sean Young, actress, 62; Gail Ann Dorsey, bassist, 59; Ming-Na Wen, actress, 58 years old; Mike Diamond, rapper (The Beastie Boys) 56; Joel McHale, actor, 50; Kimberley Walsh, singer (Girls Aloud) 40; Jeremy Jordan, actor, 37; Jared Followill, bassist, (Kings of Leon) 35.