On July 31, Lafayette becomes major-general

Today is Sunday, July 31, the 212th day of 2022. There are 153 days left in the year.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On July 31, 1777, during the Revolutionary War, the Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, was appointed major general in the American Continental Army.

To this date :

In 1715, a fleet of Spanish ships carrying gold, silver, and jewelry sank in a hurricane off the east coast of Florida; of some 2,500 crew, more than 1,000 died.

In 1919, the German Weimar Constitution (VY’-mahr) was adopted by the National Assembly of the republic.

In 1945, Pierre Laval, prime minister of the pro-Nazi Vichy government, surrendered to American authorities in Austria; he was handed over to France, which later tried and executed him.

In 1953, Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, known as “Mr. Republican,” died in New York City at the age of 63.

In 1957, the Distant Early Warning Line, a system of radar stations designed to detect Soviet bombers approaching North America, entered service.

In 1970, “The Huntley-Brinkley Report” ended after nearly 14 years as co-presenter Chet Huntley signed on for the last time; the show was renamed “NBC Nightly News”.

In 1971, Apollo 15 crew members David Scott and James Irwin became the first astronauts to use a lunar rover on the surface of the moon.

In 1972, Democratic vice-presidential candidate Thomas Eagleton pulled out of the ticket with George McGovern following revelations that Eagleton had already undergone psychiatric treatment.

In 1981, a seven-week strike in Major League Baseball ended.

In 1991, President George HW Bush and Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in Moscow.

In 2003, the Vatican launched a global campaign against same-sex marriage, warning Catholic politicians that support for same-sex unions was “gravely immoral” and urging non-Catholics to join the offensive.

In 2020, a federal appeals court overturned Dzhokhar Tsarnaev’s death sentence in the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, saying the judge who oversaw the case had improperly selected the jurors to detect possible biases. (The Supreme Court later reimposed the sentence.) Mexico became the third country with the highest number of COVID-19 deaths in the world, behind the United States and Brazil.

Ten years ago: Three Indian power grids collapsed in a cascade, knocking out power to 620 million people in the world’s biggest blackout. At the London games, the team of Gabby Douglas, McKayla Maroney, Aly Raisman (AL’-ee RAYS’-mihn), Kyla Ross and Jordyn Wieber won the first US Olympic team title in women’s gymnastics since 1996. Michael Phelps broke the Olympic record for medals with his 19th as the United States took a dominating victory in the 4×200 meters freestyle relay. Author, playwright, politician and commentator Gore Vidal, 86, has died in Los Angeles.

Five years ago: Retired Marine General John Kelly was sworn in as White House chief of staff, replacing Reince Priebus. Hours later, White House communications director Anthony Scaramucci was fired, just 11 days after being named to the post. Former Arizona Sheriff Joe Arpaio was found guilty of a criminal charge for refusing to stop traffic patrols that targeted immigrants. (Arpaio was later pardoned by President Donald Trump.) The Trump administration imposed financial sanctions on Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro after a weekend election that gave his ruling party virtually unlimited powers. Los Angeles has reached an agreement with international Olympic leaders to host the 2028 Summer Games.

A year ago: American swimmer Katie Ledecky closed her Tokyo Olympics with another gold medal, becoming the first swimmer to win six individual gold medals in her career with a victory in the 800-meter freestyle. Elaine Thompson-Herah broke Florence Griffith Joyner’s 33-year-old Olympic record in the women’s 100 meters, crossing the line in 10.61 seconds. Florida reported its highest one-day total of new COVID-19 cases since the pandemic began, 21,683, as more theme parks resumed asking visitors to wear face masks. inside. A nationwide ban on evictions, put in place in response to the COVID-19 crisis as many workers lost their incomes, has expired, leaving millions of Americans at risk of being forced from their homes. (The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reimposed the moratorium within days, but the Supreme Court later found the agency lacked the authority to do so.)

Today’s birthdays: Actor Don Murray turns 93. Composer and jazz musician Kenny Burrell is 91 years old. Actor France Nuyen is 83 years old. Actress Susan Flannery is 83 years old. Singer Lobo is 78 years old. Actress Geraldine Chaplin is 78 years old. Former film studio executive Sherry Lansing is 78. Singer Gary Lewis is 77 years old. Actor Lane Davies is 72 years old. Actress Susan Wooldridge is 72 years old. International Tennis Hall of Famer Evonne Goolagong Cawley is 71. Actor Barry Van Dyke is 71 years old. Actor Alan Autry is 70 years old. Composer and jazz musician Michael Wolff is 70 years old. Actor James Read is 69 years old. Actor Michael Biehn is 66 years old. Rock singer-musician Daniel Ash (Love and Rockets) is 65 years old. Actor Dirk Blocker is 65 years old. Entrepreneur Mark Cuban is 64 years old. Rock musician Bill Berry is 64 years old. 64. Actor Wesley Snipes is 60 years old. Country singer Chad Brock is 59. The musician Fatboy Slim is 59 years old. Rock musician Jim Corr is 58 years old. Author JK Rowling (ROHL’-ing) is 57. Actor Dean Cain is 56 years old. Actor Jim True-Frost is 56 years old. Actor Ben Chaplin is 53 years old. Actor Loren Dean is 53 years old. Actor Eve Best is 51 years old. Actor Annie Parisse (pah-REES’) is 47 years old. Actor Robert Telfer is 45 years old. Country singer-musician Zac Brown is 44 years old. Actor-producer-writer BJ Novak is 43 years old. Actor Eric Lively is 41 years old. Singer Shannon Curfman is 37 years old. Malkin is 36 years old. Hip-hop artist Lil Uzi Vert is 28 years old. Actor Reese Hartwig is 24 years old. Actor Rico Rodriguez is 24 years old.

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