Test your 4th of July knowledge with this Independence Day quiz
Everyone knows who George Washington was, but who helped (and fought) him in the American Revolutionary War?
This year’s 4th of July quiz reviews some of the lesser-known, but hugely important, generals who fought on both sides during the American Revolutionary War.
1. Washington was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Armies during the American Revolution. But who was initially considered to be appointed to this position by the Continental Congress, due to his seniority, as he was also the first commander of a multi-state militia?
A. Israel Putnam
B. Charles Lee
Neighborhood C. Artemas
2. This British Army general officer had an American wife and wasn’t quite sure how to deal effectively with American continentals.
A. Thomas Gage
B. William Howe
3. This general was a Boston bookseller (major nerd) but a great general, despite having had no formal training in military matters other than reading books (and warfare). His name was:
A. Henry Knox
B. Arthur St. Clair
C. Richard Montgomery
4. This Polish general, who barely spoke a word of English, died fighting for the Americans in the Siege of Savannah in 1779:
A. Tadeusz Kosciuszko
B. Casimir Pulaski
5. What was the name of the Spanish general who helped the Americans by occupying the British in the port cities of the Gulf of Mexico, and what American city bears his name today?
General Bernardo de Galvez, Galveston, Texas
6. Name the French general who fought the British on his own (initially) and marched his armies with George Washington to finally win the siege of Yorktown over Charles Cornwallis in 1781:
A. Marquis of Chastellux
B. Marquis de Rochambeau
C. Marquis de Lafayette
seven. General Anthony Wayne was nicknamed what?
“Crazy Anthony” Wayne
8. American Continental General William Alexander thought he was a Scottish lord (although supported by the Scottish courts but denied by the British House of Lords). What did he insist people call him, even though he was American?
A. Lord Edinburgh
C. Lord Stirling
9. This British major general hated and laughed at Americans and rebels so much that he once said “he could walk from one end of America to the other and castellate all the males”. His name was:
A. Major General Charles Alexander
B. Major General James Grant
C. Major General William Chesterton
ten. This American general was widely reputed to be the real winner of the Battle of Saratoga (the turning point of the Revolutionary War) in 1777 (believe it or not).
11. This German general officer commanded all the Hessian auxiliaries, who fought alongside the British during the American Revolution:
A. General Jakob Grunst
B. General Karl Hesse
C. General Wilhelm von Knyphausen
12. What position did General Charles Cornwallis, the defeated British general at Yorktown in October 1781, receive after the defeat of British forces in the Americas?
Viceroy of India, and he was quite good and just there; he died there in 1805
13. This French major general was a great friend of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson and later wrote a famous book on the American Revolutionary War in 1786:
A. Gilbert Du Motier, Marquis of Lafayette
B. François-Jean de Chastellux
14. This little-known Continental general died in the Battle of Oriskany in August 1777. He died at age 49 of a botched amputation after the battle. His name was:
A. Brigadier General Nicholas Herkimer
B. Major General Benjamin Lincoln
C. General John Sullivan
15. This British general was General George Washington’s main enemy throughout the American Revolutionary War. He was Commander-in-Chief of all British land forces for most of the war. His brother Richard was also a British Admiral during the war. who was he?
A. General Henry Clinton
B. General John Burgoyne
C. General William Howe
16. This New Hampshire Major General, known as the “Hero of Bennington”, was actually the one who gave New Hampshire its famous state motto: “Live Free or Die”, although the actual quote is “Live free or die: Death is not the worst of evils. »
Major General John Stark
17. On the other hand, this “military genius” (and rival of George Washington) found himself captured by the British in 1776, exchanged, led an aborted assault at the Battle of Monmouth in 1778 and then court-martialed.
If that wasn’t enough, in 1858 it was discovered (long after his death in 1800) that he had given the Howe brothers, in captivity, detailed plans – in writing – on how to defeat the American rebellion! Benedict Arnold had nothing on this guy, whose name was:
A. General Horatio Gates
B. General Charles Lee
C. General Thomas Conway
18. By almost all accounts, this second Quartermaster General of the Continental Army, from Rhode Island, was to take command of the ENTIRE army in General Washington’s absence.
This major general was by far Washington’s most trusted general and second in command, engaging in guerrilla action against Charles Cornwallis in the south at Hobkirk’s Hill, Battle of Guilford Courthouse, Eutaw Springs and so many others in the American Southern Theater. His name was:
19. This Irish-born major general in the Continental Army led the unsuccessful invasion of Quebec in 1775. He had fought in the French and Indian wars, in the Caribbean and Pontiac wars, and had distinguished himself in the British Army, rising through the ranks.
But with the start of the War of Independence, he allied himself with the Patriot cause and was appointed Continental Major General. He died on December 31, 1775, during the Battle of Quebec. He was so revered during this time that there were many memorials made to him across the United States and even in Canada. His name was:
A. Richard Montgomery
B. Poor Enoch
20. This major general under George Washington was the only one, with Washington himself, to obtain a unanimous vote of the Continental Congress. He served under Robert Rogers in the French and Indian War and was originally from Connecticut.
He was one of Bunker Hill’s main characters and served with Washington during the Siege of Boston. He died in 1790 and many cities in America still bear the name of this general today.
A. Philip Schuyler
B. Israel Putnam
C. Thomas Mifflin
Answers: 1 C ; 2:A; 3: A; 4:B; 5: General Bernardo de Galvez, Galveston, Texas; 6:B; 7: “Anthony Crazy” Wayne; 8:C; 9:B; 10: Benedict Arnold; 11:C; 12: Viceroy of India, and he was quite good and just there; he died at Ghazipur in 1805; 13:B; 14: A; 15: A; 16: Major General John Stark; 17:B; 18: Nathanael Greene; 19: A; 20:B
Sources: Journal of The American Revolution: www.allthingsliberty.com, Saratoga: Turning Point of America’s Revolutionary War (Richard Ketchum, circa 1997), 1776 (by David McCullough, circa 2005).