The far right in Europe: Vox continues to grow in Spain, but how far?

Almost all of Spain’s political parties celebrated Emmanuel Macron’s victory in the French presidential elections over Marine Le Pen’s far-right National Front. Almost all except Vox, the Spanish formation to the right of the right who prefers to cling to Le Pen’s “historic” result.

“The support of 45% of the French people is an extraordinary result for Marine Le Pen and it would be a serious mistake to ignore it,” said Jorge Buxadé, first vice-president of Vox Political Action and head of the party’s delegation on the social networks. . European Parliament.

He accompanied the post, posted on his networks at 11:41 p.m. Sunday, accompanied by a photo with candidate Le Pen on the night of his defeat in the second round against Macron.

In Spain, however, the extreme right of Vox just celebrated a small big victory: his beginnings in a regional government.

Demonstration in Madrid called by Vox against the central government. Photo: AP file

A few days ago the new government of the Junta de Castilla y León took office, the first Spanish autonomy with an executive made up of the People’s Party (PP) and Vox.

To Alfonso Fernández Mañueco, reelected regional president of the PP, there was no other form a government with a 31-year-old lawyer, Juan Garcia-Gallardounknown to Vox voters until party leader Santiago Abascal nominated him as candidate.

García-Gallardo is, since April 19, Vice President of Castilla y Leonwithout executive functions.

Not a bad game started in 2014 and who, in the last general election, became the third political force in Spain: has 52 deputies in Congress.

The president of Vox, Santiago Abascal.  Photo: EFE

The president of Vox, Santiago Abascal. Photo: EFE

“Vox was a stillborn party”, he however condemns to Bugle political scientist and professor Fernand Vallespin.

“In its early days, it was a split in the People’s Party that it barely reached 1% of the vote and that the same thing had to happen to La Phalange, which remained of Francoism, ”adds the political scientist.

The Catalan conflict, its fuel

And he continues: “These were parties that were outside the Spanish political system. But what gave him a lot of life was the Catalan conflict (and its attempt at independence from Spain in 2017). vox represents extreme Spanish nationalism and its initial success cannot be understood without the Catalan conflict.

“When the Socialist Party came to power with its parliamentary allies (in 2020), where the Catalan or Basque separatists were, and the coalition government with Podemos, there was a right-wing sector that he radicalized a lot against the Socialist Party”, specifies

“Voice there he started looking for his own land in which he practices culture wars. It attacks the radicalized feminism which they say exists in Spain, attack tolerance towards immigrationreinforce the discourse of the unity of Spain”, he lists.

In Castile and Leon the situation was difficult. The Socialist Party could have cooperated so that Vox did not enter the government with one abstention but didn’t want to do it. He proposed that if the PP stopped collaborating with Vox in other regional parliaments, he would help him. It was a poisoned offer,” says Vallespín, professor of political science at the Autonomous University of Madrid.

Just in case, the new president of the People’s Party and former president of Galicia, Alberto Nunez Feijoo, avoided attending the investiture of his party colleague Fernández Mañueco. He pleaded for an agenda brimming with commitments with social agents at the headquarters of the PP, Calle Génova in Madrid and He thus managed to avoid the photo with Santiago Abascal.

“Now the PP has leadership with an offer closer to Spanish society. He is rather reminiscent of the pragmatic PP of (Mariano) Rajoy, without having all the corruption scandals in his backpack. A PP that is renewed by a leader who has won four elections with an absolute majority in his native country, Galicia, and who offers him the hope of being able to beat the Socialist Party, of being the party with the most votes” , says Vallespin.

But a new concern is growing around Vox after the announcement by the Andalusian President, Juanma Moreno, of the PP, who has just set a date for the elections in her autonomy: June 19.

Necessary support

According to the latest polls, the Andalusian People’s Party will arrive in June in a better position than the PSOE. NeverthelessI need support from Vox obtain the parliamentary majority necessary to govern.

“Far-right parties generally live thanks to their condition as parties perceived as anti-system – Vallespín defines them -. This kind of moralization of politics where the voters of certain parties are singled out as plague victims, basically, benefits these matches. It’s about demonizing them to keep them from growing and the opposite happens.

And he says: “There is evidence that when these types of parties enter into governments, they tend to moderate and tend to lose votes. What gives them support is Ser los strangersthose who challenge the political spectrum or the dominant values ​​in the political system”.

And regarding the possible role that Vox could play in the next general elections, scheduled for next year, Vallespín maintains that “Feijóo, if he won the elections, he can never rule alone”.

“The majority of People’s Party voters He has no problem with an alliance with Vox. They see it as more serious that the Socialist Party agrees with Podemos or relies on parliamentary allies like Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya or Bildu, the representatives of the former ETA,” he says.

And he adds: “Because they see Vox as Misguided voters of the PP. This means, for Feijóo, that he is not going to lose many votes before the threat that he is going to agree with Vox. ”

According to Vallespin,there is no gesture on the part of the government to lend a hand to the PP so that it does not need the votes of Vox. On the other hand, the PP thinks that may end up taming Voxwho can incorporate it into government without incorporating its harshest proposals”.

In view of the next legislative elections, of the PP, however, they begin to lament aloud: “There will be no choice but to make a deal with Vox to go to La Moncloa.”

Madrid. Corresponding



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